Television

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The television has become in the modern world an important communication tool and it is hard to imagine life without television The television of today was not always this way. A brief look at the history of television can be seen here in this timeline of Television History

During the 30s and 40s the technology was gradually improved upon. Experiments by various people led to the development of basic technologies and ideas that laid the foundation for the invention of television. In the 00s, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, a student in Germany, developed the first ever mechanical module of television. He succeeded in sending images through wires with the help of a rotating metal disk. This technology was called the ‘electric telescope’ that had 18 lines of resolution. And around 1907, two separate inventors, A.A. Campbell-Swinton from England and Russian scientist Boris Rosing, used the cathode ray tube in addition to the mechanical scanner system, to create a new television system.  From these experiments of Nipkow and Rosing, two types of television systems came into existence: mechanical television and electronic television. And in 1923, an American inventor called Charles Jenkins used the disk idea of Nipkow to invent the first ever practical mechanical television system. By 1931, his Radiovisor Model 100 was being sold in a complete kit as a mechanical television.

In 1926 a British inventor known as John Logie Baird, was the first person to have succeeded in transmitting moving pictures through the mechanical disk system started by Nipkow. He also started the first ever Television studio.

From 1926  to 1931, the mechanical television system saw many innovations. Although the discoveries of these men in the department of mechanical television were very innovative, by 1934, all television systems had converted into the electronic system, which is what is being used even today.

The experiments of Swinton in 1907, with the cathode ray tube for electronic television held great potential but were not converted into reality. Finally, in 1927, Philo Taylor Farnsworth was able to invent a working model of electronic television that was based on Swinton’s ideas.

His experiments had started when he was just a little boy of 14 years. By the time he became 21, Philo had created the first electronic television system, which did away with the rotating disks and other mechanical aspects of mechanical television.

Thus was born the television system which is the basis of all modern televisions.

In America the first regular broadcasts began in 1939 though it was not until after the Second World War that the television as a standard home appliance began to really take off. After 1945 television sales in America skyrocketed.

All the early television systems were black and white, with colour being invented much later on.

The first colour broadcast was made in 1954.

Throughout other parts of the world, television came years later, and it wasn’t until the late 1960s that a television was commonplace in houses throughout the West. By the 1970s, television had become the dominant media force it is today, with 24 hour programming, mass advertising and syndicated shows.

In the 1980s satellite television shrunk the world, making live feeds from other countries and time zones possible.

The new millennium brought the advent of digital television, which is the future of television.